Know Your Cheese Milk

Milk is the signature ingredient in any cheese. Learning about the different milk types will help you add specific flavor profiles to recipes and cheese plates.

Cow milk is the most commonly used in cheese making. However, sheep milk, goat milk and buffalo milk cheeses are also very popular. Each type of milk differs slightly in its fat content and overall composition, and thus each imparts a distinctive flavor.

Cow milk is the smooth foundation of many popular cheeses including Cheddar, Swiss, Parmigiano Reggiano, Asiago, Gouda, Parmesan and Romano.

Goat milk cheeses have a tart flavor compared to cow milk varieties.

Sheep milk has more fat than cow or goat milk and is known for its slightly sweet flavor and rich, creamy texture. In Italy, Pecorino Romano is the most popular cheese made from sheep milk.

Buffalo milk is very rich and has become well known for making buffalo mozzarella.